Get Paid For Doing Surveys With These Sites In 2023

Do you have some time to spare?

Taking paid surveys online is a simple way to get money if you’re not too busy.

Before they hit the market, businesses that require feedback on new ideas or goods turn to survey companies.

Answering questions that can help brands improve their products earn survey respondents money.

Filling out surveys for money can be worthwhile if you use the correct online survey sites and follow a few simple guidelines.

All you need is a decent internet connection and device to get started.

If you’re reading this, I assume you have all the tools necessary to make some money with surveys. 

Are Paid Survey Sites Legitimate or Are They a Scam?

Excellent question. Companies value your opinion as a consumer more than you may realize. 

Brands are desperate for feedback on their products and services, so they hire firms like ours to help them reach out to people like you. 

Legitimate survey firms provide individuals with an opportunity to earn money online in return for their opinions.

It’s crucial to be informed that there are scam survey sites in the market, so you know what to avoid. 

An honest and legitimate survey company, for example, will never ask for your bank account details or credit card number.

Always keep in mind that you should never have to pay to make money.

When looking for the top paid survey sites, keep the following red flags in mind:

Bookmark this comprehensive Social Rebel review for a captivating read later. Dive into the details and uncover the truth!

Demanding Personal and Sensitive Information 

Survey sites that request personal information such as your social security number or driver’s license number are not trustworthy.

In fact, these kinds of scam survey sites are most likely attempting to steal your identity.

They might obtain access to your bank account by collecting this information.

Genuine online survey sites, on the other hand, will frequently ask for demographic information such as your race, gender, and age. 

This is significant because it identifies the types of customers that like specific products and allows firms to adjust their marketing and advertising to those customers.

Related Reading: Is Survey Junkie Safe – Check Them out Here

Claiming To Give High Sign-Up Bonuses 

Stay away from any survey company that offers sign-up bonuses of $50, $100, or even more!

No corporation, no matter how genuine or persuasive its website looks, can afford to give away this much money!

Although this is not always the case, legitimate and honest survey companies do occasionally provide new users sign-up incentives of a few bucks as an encouragement to get started.

Claiming To Give Away High-Priced Items 

Scam sites frequently promise consumers exotic holidays, high-end equipment, and other valuable stuff.

Don’t get taken in by it. “If anything appears too good to be true, it probably is,” as the adage goes.

Genuine websites may provide little tokens of appreciation (such as T-shirts, key chains, water bottles, or other swag).

However, they rarely give out expensive products because it is neither realistic nor viable.

Claiming To Provide A Steady Income 

Fake survey firms may entice you with the promise of being able to quit your job and make a full-time income by conducting surveys.

This is absolutely not the case.

While taking legitimate surveys might be a fun way to earn some extra cash, it will not replace your full-time salary or make you wealthy.

However, it can help you afford some luxuries, cover a payment or two, or just give you some extra cash for fun.

video about survey junkie

Requiring You To Pay A “Membership Fee” 

You’re probably looking at a scam site if a survey business asks you to pay a membership fee to join.

Also, as previously said, never divulge personal financial information such as your banking or credit card account details.

To become a member of a trustworthy survey site, you will never be asked to pay money.

The situation is reversed.

They’re the ones that seek your support.

Remember that legitimate online survey sites provide you with a free option to earn money online.

What Types of Surveys Are There? 

The types of paid surveys you can take will vary depending on your profile and what market research partners are looking for at the moment.

Platforms make every effort to match you with relevant and exciting online surveys to you. 

Depending on your preferences, you may be asked questions on health, shopping, travel, music, sports, politics, education, food and beverages, and other topics.

You may be asked how many times you use a particular product in a given month.

You may also be asked to assess new packaging that a company is considering to discover what appeals to the majority of consumers. 

Because each survey is likely to be unique, you’ll never grow tired of doing the same thing over and over again.

You can make money by participating in four different types of online surveys:

Consumer Insights Market Research

Sometimes a business is unsure of who its target market is.

They know their items are selling, but they have no idea who is buying them. 

A brand may understand who is utilizing its goods and services and personalize those items to match the demands of the consumer. 

They want to know their audience on a deeper level—including their interests, passions, career choices, and so on.

Partner Surveys 

Partner Surveys are promotional efforts for a variety of products and services that we believe you would be interested in. 

They are third-party offers that include things like joining an online club, signing up for an email list, and other activities. 

The advertiser who is administering the promotion is in charge of the partner surveys.

Related Reading: Is Swagbucks Safe – Click Here To Find Out.

Brand Awareness Market Research

You could help companies discover what customers think of their brand in comparison to their competitors by conducting these types of online surveys. 

Companies will utilize the data they collect to determine whether their messaging is adequate or needs to be tweaked.

Product-Based Market Research

Approximately 80% to 90% of all new items offered each year fail. 

Suppose a business wants to introduce a new product successfully.

In that case, it can utilize market research surveys to evaluate whether or not a target audience is likely to buy it or if it will fall short of expectations. 

This can save them a lot of time and money in the long run.

Legitimate Paid Online Survey Sites 

The services listed below offer paid survey opportunities with genuine cash incentives.

Since laws might change over time, it’s usually prudent to do some research before signing up for a survey site. 

However, the platforms listed below provide real money and survey opportunities for people wishing to earn points and get paid online.

Survey Junkie 

Survey Junkie get paid for doing surveys

While waiting for your ride, on your lunch break, or even while vegging on the couch watching Netflix, Survey Junkie is one of the most credible survey organizations for making additional cash. 

Some folks prefer to use Survey Junkie to make money as soon as they wake up in the morning and while multitasking throughout the day. 

You’ll get points straight now just for signing up and filling up your profile.

Each completed survey earns you points, which you can exchange for PayPal, cash, or a free gift cards after you meet the payout level.

Users love Survey Junkie since it’s simple to use and doesn’t bombard them with emails.

Plus, it’s difficult to run out of survey invitations with so many available.

Survey Junkie is entirely free, and you can sign up with your Facebook or email address. 

Inbox Dollars

Inbox Dollars get paid for doing surveys

InboxDollars works on a simple cash incentive system, not a point system, and has a quick sign-up process and accessible UI.

They provide a lot of money-making online surveys to pick from, but many of them aren’t going to pay much.

However, if you take a few brief surveys throughout the day, you may make a lot of money in a lot less time than you might expect.

Another unique feature users appreciate is that InboxDollars rewards you for doing things you’d typically do, such as playing online games, viewing movies, reading emails, and conducting online shopping. 

You can get paid with an Amazon gift card or regular gift cards, but you can also get paid with actual cash checks.

It takes roughly 30 seconds to join InboxDollars.

To join, you must be at least 18 years old and a resident of the United States.


MyPoints get paid for doing surveys

MyPoints, like InboxDollars, is a platform that lets you earn gift cards for doing things like completing surveys, taking polls, watching movies etc.

With MyPoints, you can earn points even if you don’t qualify for a survey. 

Plus, they give you a $10 Amazon or $10 Visa gift card as a welcome bonus.

One flaw of the platform is that many offers direct you away from MyPoints and into third-party websites, which can be less user-friendly than other platforms.

According to the MyPoints terms and conditions, you must be at least 13 years old to register.

However, they recommend using the site with a parent or legal guardian if you are under 18.


Swagbucks get paid for doing surveys

Swagbucks is a fun rewards program that lets you earn points for doing things like shopping online, exploring the web, and watching videos.

Swagbucks can also be used to make money by taking surveys. It’s pretty straightforward.

If you decide that the paid surveys aren’t worth your time, you may still utilize the Swagbucks search engine to do your usual web browsing.

It’s a no-brainer because you’re already doing the activity—why not get paid for it?

You may begin taking online surveys to share your thoughts and earn Swagbucks (SB) points once you sign up for a free Swagbucks account.

Cashback or free gift cards can be obtained by redeeming points.

Every day, Swagbucks provides tens of thousands of paid survey opportunities.

It is one of the most reputable survey firms available as a platform.

Swagbucks has a minimum age limit of 13 years old to register.

However, they highly advise that any child obtain parental or guardian permission before joining and looking at survey prospects.

Related Reading: How To Make Money While You Sleep – Read The Full Post Here.

Branded Surveys 

Branded Surveys get paid for doing surveys

Branded Surveys is a reputable online survey platform that pays you to complete surveys and other tasks.

They feature a user-friendly, easy-to-navigate website with a speedy enrollment process.

They’ll give you 100 points just for signing up.

Then there are a few “get to know you” survey questions that just take a few minutes to complete yet reward you with another 10-50 points.

The Branded Elite loyalty program is another option.

Here’s how it works:

You progress through three levels as you complete surveys: Bronze, Silver, and Gold. 

You progress through the stages by earning credits for each survey or assignment you complete, such as introducing friends and family.

Higher levels allow you to make more money and participate in more surveys.

You can get money transferred to your PayPal account, use Branded Pay, or redeem various gift cards when you cash out your points.

Since its launch, the network has attracted over 2 million members and paid out over $17 million.

One disadvantage of Branded Surveys is that some of them require you to leave their site in order to answer each question.

The additional survey sites may be slower or more challenging to use than Branded Surveys’ main site, which can be inconvenient. 

To participate in this platform, you must be at least 16 years old and a United States, United Kingdom, or Canada resident.

Ipsos i-Say 

Ipsos i-Say 

Ipsos i-Say is a survey site established in Paris that pays people to do surveys all over the world.

It boasts an A+ rating from the Better Business Bureau and a 4.0-star rating from over 88,000 reviews on Google Play.

You can create an account with Ipsos i-Say using either your email address or your Facebook account. 

After that, you’ll be asked some demographic questions so that the organization can match you with appropriate options.

For example, if you’re a new parent, you might see a survey asking which diapers you use.

You will gain points after completing a survey.

The amount you earn varies, but you may expect to earn anywhere from 45 to 90 points every survey, or $0.45 to $0.90. 

If you are disqualified from doing a survey, you can receive up to five points.

You can pay out your rewards for PayPal cash, gift cards, or charitable donations once you reach 500 points.

American Consumer Opinion 

American Consumer Opinion

Decision Analyst, Inc., which has been in operation for more than 41 years, owns American Consumer Opinion (ACOP).

This site has an A+ rating from the Better Business Bureau.

You may start your first paid survey in about two minutes after creating an account with ACOP. 

Your first survey will earn you five points and will ask you questions about your demographics, such as marital status and educational level.

If there are any accessible surveys, they will be listed in your account.

ACOP keeps things simple by offering nothing but paid surveys.

Your earnings are collected in points, and you must earn 1,000 points, or $10, to payout.

Panda Research

Panda Research

Since 2005, Panda Research has distributed more than $2.2 million to its members

. A&A Marketing, Inc. owns the company, which has a B+ rating with the Better Business Bureau.

Fill out your member profile and double-check your email address to get started.

A valid phone number is also required to join the company. 

Then you can participate in surveys that pay up to $50 per survey. You can also earn up to $25 for reading sponsored emails each time you cash out.

Panda Research pays users with at least $50 in profits via PayPal on the 1st and 15th of each month.

Please note that Panda Research only pays in $50 increments. Let’s say you have total earnings of $110.

You will be allowed to cash out $100, and the remaining balance will be carried over to a future payment request.



PrizeRebel has handed out over $19 million to its 9 million members since its inception in 2007.

The sign-up process for PrizeRebel is straightforward.

You only need to supply your first and last name and a valid email. 

Then you’re free to answer paid online surveys after confirming your email address.

The initial compulsory survey is worth 10 points and asks for your demographic information.

When you’ve earned at least 500 points, valued at $5, you can payout.

Most surveys reward between 40 and 60 points and can be completed in as little as 15 minutes.

PrizeRebel provides a one-of-a-kind program that rewards participants depending on their earning potential.

You’ll gain Gold level status if you earn 4,500 points, and you’ll get a 1% boost on your earnings and a 1% discount on your prize. 

The Platinum level (10,000 points) entitles you to a 2% bonus and a 2% discount.

The Diamond level (16,000 points) entitles you to a 3% bonus and a 3% discount.


LifePoints get paid for doing surveys

LifePoints is one of the world’s vastest influencer networks, with members receiving $28 million in just the last year.

For new customers, the company also offers a welcome incentive of 10 LifePoints.

Qualifying for paid surveys on LifePoints is a little easier than on other survey sites.

This is an important consideration when joining any online survey company.

The majority of their surveys may be completed in under 10 minutes.

This may result in lower per-survey compensation.

However, the return on your time is equivalent, and you won’t be stuck to any one survey for more than 30 minutes.

You must be 16 years old and a resident of the United States or Canada to join LifePoints.

Related Reading: How To Make 1000 A Week – Click Here To Find Out.

Opinion Outpost 

Opinion Outpost 

Opinion Outpost is a sim paid survey organization with a low reward threshold and a straightforward design.

It’s based on a points system, and you may cash out to your PayPal account or gift cards, making it quite versatile.

Every day, they have a large number of paid online surveys available, boosting the chances that you’ll qualify for at least a few.

However, the typical payout is relatively modest.

If you only have the time allowance to visit one website, Opinion Outpost is definitely worth checking out.

Anyone over the age of 17 is welcome to try Opinion Outpost, which is entirely free to join.

Pinecone Research 

Pinecone Research

Pinecone Research has achieved a place among the top-rated paid survey sites after 21 years in operation.

The Nielsen Company, which owns Pinecone Research, has an A+ rating with the Better Business Bureau.

Every time a Pinecone Research member completes an online survey; they have an impact on future products and services.

According to the firm, each survey pays 300 points worth $3 and should only take a few minutes.

As a member of Pinecone Research, you can also earn paid to evaluate new goods.

To complete a brief report on each product, you’ll get paid between $3 and $5.

After the study is over, you may be allowed to retain the product.

Pinecone Research is one of the more upmarket survey sites with demographic restrictions.

To check if you qualify for membership, fill out an application.

Survey Club 

Survey Club

Survey Club has been in business since 2005 and has an A+ rating from the Better Business Bureau.

If you become a member, you will join a community of over 16 million other people.

Survey Club will match you with paid studies after you join and provide your demographic information.

Other survey sites such as Survey Junkie, LifePoints, and Pinecone Research are also recommended to subscribers. 

Your profits from Survey Club surveys are sent into your account as cash, and you can cash out once you’ve earned at least $25.

Paid focus groups are also available through Survey Club.

It claims that participants earn between $50 and $200 per hour on average.

Valued Opinions

Valued Opinions

Valued Opinions, founded in 2004, is a market research panel with over 3 million users.

Participants provide feedback on items for big businesses such as Amazon and Target.

To become a valid user of Valued Opinions, you must fill out a registration form using either your FB account or email address. 

After that, you’ll get an email with a link to activate your account.

To be eligible for their paid online surveys, you must answer additional demographic questions. 

If your circumstances change, such as a move or the addition of a pet to your family, take time to update your profile to receive more survey invitations. 

Valued Opinions pay users in cash; there are no points to track or convert to dollars.

Each survey has a value of $1 to $5.

You can cash out your profits for free gift cards after you reach $10.



Toluna is a market research company that was founded in 1994. 

When you sign up for a free account, you’ll receive an email with a confirmation link.

You have to click this link to complete your registration and begin doing surveys.

Simply by signing up, you’ll receive 500 bonus points.

Toluna’s surveys are worth anywhere from 15 to 50,000 points, based on the length and time it takes to complete them.

You will have to qualify for surveys, just like on other survey sites.

You do not gain disqualification points if you do not qualify.

You’re instead entered into sweepstakes.

A minimum of 10,000 points is required to redeem a reward, which entitles you to plant a tree in Uganda, Peru, or Thailand.

Thirty thousand points will bring users $10 gift cards to big businesses such as Starbucks, Kohl’s, or Petco. 



Dynata is a marketing research agency that has been in business since 2002.

It boasts an A+ rating with the Better Business Bureau and owns OneOpinion.

Registering for a free account is the first step.

You will receive an email confirmation once you have completed the registration procedure. 

After that, you can start earning points by participating in surveys that you are eligible for.

The majority of polls are worth 500 to 1,000 points, although some are worth more. 

You can payout for e-gift cards, physical gift cards, or PayPal cash after you achieve the minimum threshold of 25,000 points.

Harris Poll Online 

Harris Poll Online

Harris Poll Online is more than just a money-making survey site.

It’s also a community where you can share your thoughts and see the results of the surveys you take. 

The Harris Panel, a constituent of the National Council of Public Polls, operates it.

It has a 45-year clean track record of keeping participant information private under its belt. 

However, some of the polls available may show up in some publications from time to time.

It takes a little longer to get started with Harris Poll Online than with some other paid survey platforms.

However, the easy-to-use design makes it worthwhile.

You can exchange your points for e-vouchers or gift cards once you’ve accumulated enough.

You can also choose to donate your points to charity, which is a unique choice.

Another great feature is Harris Poll’s sweepstakes competitions, which you are immediately entered into even if you are disqualified from an individual poll.

Related Reading: How To Make Money Instantly – Check Out The Ways Here.

Google Opinion Rewards 

Google Opinion Rewards

Google also offers paid surveys!

Google Opinion Rewards is a reputable app that can be downloaded from both the Google Play Store and the Apple App Store.

Even though the compensation per survey is low, the average completion time is less than 20 seconds.

There are no advertisements or hoops to jump through, and all of the questions are multiple-choice.

The frequency of available surveys is pretty low as well.

However, if you have notifications turned on on your phone, the app will notify you whenever a new survey is ready.

You have 24 hours from the time you are alerted to finish the questions.



KashKick pays users for watching videos, perusing the web, and signing up for deals through the survey site.

Surveys are standard in the sector, with potential earnings of up to $2 for each completed questionnaire.

Payments are doled out every two weeks, and you must have at least $10 in your PayPal account to cash out.

Former users’ main gripe is that they are losing money due to inactivity.

Your account may be terminated if you do not validate your email address, give false contact information, or do not log in for 60 days.

Any earnings you have will be lost in this instance.

Within 60 months, you can reactivate your account, but you will lose any prior earnings.

Inactive accounts were wiped right before payments were processed.

So, make sure to log in often and validate your email address to avoid losing your incentives.

Cash Karma

Cash Karma

CashKarma is a reputable phone app that allows you to take short surveys and trade in points for money. 

You may amass points by completing surveys and even spending time on surveys you are not eligible for. 

Referring friends or joining up for trials or services are examples of additional opportunities. 

This app is a gamified version of a standard survey platform.

The more challenges you overcome, the more bonuses you get, and the higher levels you get to.

This implies that the longer you enjoy the survey site, the more surveys you’ll get.

The average survey reward is around 50 points, with a sign-up bonus of 300 points; the cash value fluctuates.

PayPal cash or Amazon gift cards are used to make payments.

How To Boost Your Earnings By Completing Surveys 

Grab Spots ASAP 

Check frequently to see if there are any new surveys.

Market researchers typically have specific quotas to satisfy when it comes to the number of participants for a sponsored survey. 

Some survey options only require a small number of respondents, and these possibilities can sell out quickly. 

If you visit the survey site frequently, you’ll have more chances to accomplish jobs before the quota is reached.

To put it another way, strive to outsmart the majority. 

Try Again If You Get Rejected 

Participate in as many paid surveys as you can. If you don’t qualify for a particular survey, try a different one.

The number of surveys you complete is directly proportional to your earnings.

Log in every day to take daily polls and watch videos if you can. 

Update Your Profile Regularly 

Maintain an up-to-date profile so that the Survey Matching Engine can match you with the most relevant survey opportunities.

Get Upgraded 

Take as many surveys as possible to qualify for higher tiers, which will award you more points.

This is available on some platforms. 


When is the best time to answer surveys for pay? 

You are welcome to try it at any moment!

Surveys are an excellent side job because they can be done at any time of day or night.

You can do the surveys in your spare time, setting out a particular time to do so.

You can even cram them into your current schedule when you have a few minutes.

Our members appreciate the convenience of being reimbursed for their contributions at their leisure.

While it won’t replace your day job, it can nonetheless help you supplement your income as a side hustle or hobby.

Many folks find it to be a peaceful pastime.

Unlike playing a game on your phone, which provides no physical benefits, this pastime gives you cash or gift cards.

video about laptop lifestyle

How do paid surveys operate anyway? 

How do paid survey sites work, you ask?

Market research surveys are doled out to registered users by paid survey sites.

Users fill out their profiles so they can figure out which surveys are most appropriate for survey takers.  

In exchange for cash, you can then conduct these online surveys.

Payments usually are not exceptionally high, but they can add up if made on a regular basis.

The best-paid survey sites typically offer better incentives.

How much can you really make from paid survey sites?

Individual rewards can be minimal, but users can earn up to $800 per year by completing many surveys across multiple sites.

In general, surveys pay between $6 and $10 per hour.

What types of rewards can you earn from survey sites?

You can be rewarded by answering surveys for money in a variety of ways.

Many will give you cash or coupons, and others will provide you with free stuff. 

Before you can cash out on some of these, you’ll need to accumulate a particular number of reward points.

To minimize any confusion, make sure you understand how your chosen survey site pays out.

How much time will a survey eat up? 

Depending on the topic, the duration of each online survey will vary.

Some can be completed in as little as 5-10 minutes, while others might take up to 30 minutes.

Before you begin the survey, you should be given an estimate of how long it will take.

A legit paid survey site will usually give you an estimate.

Will you get paid immediately after finishing a survey? 

There is a minimum payout threshold for all of these sites.

This means you’ll have to keep taking paid surveys and earning points until you reach the threshold. 

At that time, you’ll be able to pay out all of your points.

You’ll get points for each completed action right away, but you’ll have to meet the minimum before you can cash them in.

Sometimes, individual gift cards are doled out instantly.

Legitimate survey sites are often transparent about their rewards.

Are there any other online tasks that you can do for free cash? 

Although surveys are the most well-known feature of these sites, they also provide a variety of other opportunities to earn money.

Aside from taking surveys, there are other stuff you could do.

You can earn money by watching movies, doing online shopping, surfing the web, providing product feedback, testing things, or even participating in mystery shopping.

Imagine shopping and getting paid in gift cards!

Each site has a separate set of chances and pays you in a different way.

It’s best to look over each of the survey sites listed above and their individual reviews to find which activities are the most profitable.

See? Taking surveys is usually not the sole way to make money with these legitimate survey companies.

Why are market research companies willing to pay for my opinion? 

Many brands, corporations, and organizations all over the world are constantly looking for feedback from people. 

Why? They might need to alter the products they make and how they advertise them.

They rely on paid online surveys to provide them with reliable data.

Offering surveys for money is a cost-effective technique to obtain information from individuals without having to hire a market research firm.

That’s why, I think, legit survey sites will be around for a long time.

What’s the best way to optimize my earnings with paid surveys?

For starters, make sure you’re only wasting your time on the best-paid survey sites.

You want reputable organizations with a regular stream of new polls, consistent rewards, and reasonable cash-out terms.

Then, and this is crucial, concentrate on surveys with a high reward to-time commitment ratio.

You’re wasting your time if you’re taking hundreds of surveys across dozens of sites for modest payments.

Instead, think of the survey’s return on investment.

The higher the return on investment, the better your survey side hustle will be.

Manage Your Expectations 

Paid internet surveys are an excellent side hustle for anyone searching for a quick and easy job that they can conduct from home or on the go. 

If you do decide to try online surveys for money, be realistic about how much you’ll make.

Manage your time effectively to maximize your earnings. 

Try to join many sites to acquire the best prospects, and do your research before signing up with a service.

While there are better ways to generate money online, the majority of them will take more talent, training, and effort than answering surveys for money.

Related Reading: Is UserTesting Legit? – Find out Here

Final Thoughts 

You’re not going to get rich by answering surveys for money.

Truthfully, it’s improbable to make as much money as you could with other business ventures like food delivery, blogging, or online product sales. 

However, if you have some spare time, it can’t hurt.

You could earn pocket money, gift cards, or other bonuses by answering boring questions while watching TV or standing in a line. 

Just be prudent about keeping your personal information safe.

Please, only participate in survey sites that aren’t shady. 

Then you can go ahead and start making cash on the side.

At the same time, you aid market research companies in developing products and marketing campaigns that are most relevant to you as a consumer.

It’s a win-win for everybody!

Disclaimer: While survey companies have been around for a long time, they’re definitely not the best way to make money. You will make a very low hourly rate (I did a test to see how many I could do in 60 minutes – watch it here). In my opinion, they only make sense if you have tons of free time and just like filling out forms.

Disclosure: This article might contain affiliate links to the resources I refer to. It's at no cost to you, and it's how we pay the bills. Get more info here.

Brooks Conkle Banner Image
Brooks Conkle

Brooks is an entrepreneur, father, husband, & follower of the golden rule. He has over 15 years of experience as an entrepreneur after graduating with a Finance degree from Auburn University. Addicted to starting new business projects, he believes in creating multiple income streams and a life of flexibility. Business should work around your life, not the other way around. He creates content on his website, sharing his projects to help other hustlers in marketing, personal finance, and online business.